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Protection Riddle No.108 - Instantaneous earth fault relay
The instantaneous earth fault relay provided at 11kV side of 1000kVA, 11kV/433V relay trips when load on transformer reaches approximatly 400kVA. IDMT earth fault relay at 433V side does not act.Much obliged if the reason given.
Author : V.K.Nambiathiri - From: India
Sat, December 7th, 2013 - 11:14

Generally in sensitive residual current protection system, the setting of relay and relay inherent burden could be checked regarding protection system errors such as CT's ratio mismatching or its magnetizing currents.
The typical settings for earth-fault relays are 30%-40% of the full-load current or minimum earth-fault current on the part of the system being protected. However, account may have to be taken of the variation of setting with relay burden as described in below.
The primary setting of an over current relay can usually be taken as the relay setting multiplied by the CT ratio.
The CT can be assumed to maintain a sufficiently accurate ratio so that, expressed as a percentage of rated current, the primary setting will be directly proportional to the relay setting. However, this may not be true for an earth-fault relay. The performance varies according to the relay technology used.
When static, digital or numerical relays are used the relatively low value and limited variation of the relay burden over the relay setting range results in the above statement holding true. The variation of input burden with current should be checked to ensure that the variation is sufficiently small. If not, substantial errors may occur, and the setting procedure will have to follow that for electromechanical relays.
Author : Hamid - From: Iran
Sat, December 14th, 2013 - 16:47
Thanks a lot for the answer 
Author : V.K.Nambiathiri - From: Indian
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