Transformer Riddle No.78 - Dyn5.5 and Dyn6.5 Connections
We have 2 transformers at my work that are Dyn5.5 and Dyn6.5 respectively.  Now, I get that they are 30-degrees out of phase with each other.  But, I've never seen another transformer with anything other Dyn1 or Dyn11.  How do you construct a transformer to get the output 165-degrees out phase of input?

#1
Wed, October 5th, 2011 - 14:24
You can interconnect transformer windings in several ways to produce various output voltages. For power and distribution, you employ the conventional delta or wye connection. But for special applications, you can use an other lesser-known configuration: the zigzag connection.
As you know mentioned phase shifting in IEC60076 is limited to multiple of 30 degree, but it seems your concerned phase shifting is multiple of 15 degree. Special connection of zigzag connections can be used for 15 degree displacement. Selection of suitable ratio of broken phase in zigzag connection can cause desirable phase shifting. You will typically find the windings on each phase of a zigzag transformer in two halves. These winding halves interconnect to obtain a zigzag arrangement.

As an important phase shifting application we can note to harmonic elimination term. The best way to eliminate harmonics is to use a technique known as “phase shifting.” The concept of phase shifting involves separating the electrical supply into several outputs; each output being phase shifted with the other outputs with an appropriate angle for the harmonics to be eliminated. The idea is to displace the harmonic currents in order to bring them to a 180° phase shift so that they cancel each other out.
Hence, an angular displacement of
− 60° is required between two three-phase outputs to cancel the 3rd harmonic currents
− 30° is required between two three-phase outputs to cancel the 5th and 7th harmonic currents
− 15° is required between two three-phase outputs to cancel the 11th and 13th harmonic currents

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